Παρασκευή, 8 Φεβρουαρίου 2008

ΕΝΔΟ-ΟΙΚΟΓΕΝΕΙΑΚΗ ΒΙΑ ΣΤΟΝ ΚΑΝΑΔΑ

ΣΤΑΤΙΣΤΙΚΗ ΥΠΗΡΕΣΙΑ ΚΑΝΑΔΑ
[Statcan] Family Violence in Canada - Statistical Profile 2007 - Can

Familyrights 4 Europe Forum
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1. [CAN] Canadians are since 2000 administered by a female majority From: Vaderkenniscentrum VKC
2. Soviet roots of todays family law and divorce system From: Vaderkenniscentrum VKC
3a. Dads on the air from Sydney Australia but for the world to hear on From: fr4e@yahoogroups.com
3b. Dads on the air from Sydney Australia but for the world to hear on From: fr4e@yahoogroups.com
4. [Statcan] Family Violence in Canada - Statistical Profile 2007 - Can From: Vaderkenniscentrum VKC
5. [USA] Stephen Baskerville's new book/boek: "Taken Into Custody: The From: Vaderkenniscentrum VKC
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1. [CAN] Canadians are since 2000 administered by a female majority
Posted by: "Vaderkenniscentrum VKC" tromp@casema.nl familyrights2003
Mon Jan 28, 2008 8:49 am (PST)
Canadians since 2000 administered by a female majority:: Canadian women
outnumber men in both the knowledge-based (since 2000) and less
knowledge-based (since 1997) CPA occupations

There are now more women than men employed in both the knowledge-based (55,9
% women vs 43,6 % men) and the less knowledge-based (54,2 % women vs 45,9 %
men) occupations of the Canadian Core (Federal) Public Administration (CPA).

And these figures are hiding that the real gender numbers are actually even
much worse for men, as most men that are at present still working in the CPA
are older and well into the over 45 years old age groups.

The coming years the outnumbering of men in the CPA will therefore further
rise staggeringly as these men go on their pensions and as women outnumber
men even more in the younger under 45 age groups in both the knowledge-based
(48,8 % women vs 45,4 % men) and the less knowledge-based (50,0 % women vs
44,0 % men) occupations of the Canadian Core (Federal) Public Administration
(CPA).

Female Employment in the Canadian Core (Federal) Public Administration (CPA)
Source: Statistics Canada - by Katarzyna Naczk - Analysis in Brief - No.
11-621-MIE2007061 - September 4, 2007
http://www.statcan.ca/bsolc/english/bsolc?catno=11-621-M2007061
http://www.statcan.ca/cgi-bin/downpub/listpub.cgi?catno=11-621-MWE2007061
http://www.statcan.ca/bsolc/english/bsolc?catno=11-621-M

&CHROPG=1

This mirrors the general increase in the number of women in the CPA between
1995 and 2006. Along with the increase of CPA employees within the
knowledge-based categories, there has also been a steady increase of women
working in these occupations. In fact, women became a majority in
knowledge-based occupations in 2000. The shift in the less knowledge-based
category occurred three years earlier. In 1997. In the case of
knowledge-based workers, the shift was due to an increase in women while in
the case of less knowledge-based workers, it was due to a decline in men in
the CPA.

As the number of women increased in all categories of knowledge-based
occupations, in 2006 women outnumbered men in two categories: the program
and administrative group and the administrative and foreign services group.


Program and administrative group: Female employees in the majority

The increase in knowledge-based occupations for women can be attributed
largely to a big gain of female workers in the program and administrative
group. Treasury Board definitions differ slightly from those of this study.
Program and administrative group consists of program administrators (PM) and
administrative services (AS), whereas the administrative and foreign service
group consists of financial administration (FI), information services (IS),
and foreign services (FS), to name a few. The administrative support group
consists of such classifications as data processing (DA), clerical and
regulatory (CR), and secretarial, stenographic, and typing (ST).

In 2006, just under 29,000 women belonged to this group, an increase of
about 11,000 since 1995. In contrast, the number of men in this group
declined from 13,800 in 1995 to just over 11,000 in 2006.

In 1995, within the knowledge-based category, the program and administrative
group was the only one to have a majority of female employees. By 2006,
women accounted for 72.5% of employees in this group, up from 56.4% in 1995.

This is the only occupational group in the knowledge-based category where
men experienced a significant decline, while the number of women increased
substantially. However, this reversal of the number of men in this group
seems to have been accompanied by an aging of this occupational group. The
proportion of women aged 45 and over jumped from only 33.3% in 1995 to 55.8%
in 2006. At the same time, the proportion of men in this age group rose by
fewer than 5 percentage points.

Table 3 Proportion of CPA workers aged 45 and over by gender and
occupational group, 1995 and 2006


Administrative and foreign service group: Second highest proportion of women

In 1995, the administrative and foreign service group was male-dominated,
with 45.4% of employees being female. By 2006, 58.1% of employees were
female, creating a second predominantly female group within the
knowledge-based occupations category.

The administrative and foreign service group was among three groups in which
the number of men remained about the same, while the number of women
increased substantially. (The other two were the executive group, and the
scientific and professional group.)

Following the general aging trend, the female cohort from the administrative
and foreign service group aged more rapidly than the male cohort. Between
1995 and 2006, the proportion of women aged 45 and over increased by 16.4
percentage points.

Scientific and professional group: Women nearly double in number

While the number of men in the scientific and professional group remained
about the same in 2006 as it was in 1995, the number of women almost
doubled. During this period, the number of female employees in this group
jumped from about 6,400 to over 11,400. Their proportion went from 31.5% to
44.0%.

The scientific and professional group was in fourth place out of the eight
occupational groups in terms of number of female workers.

The scientific and professional group was somewhat different from the other
groups in terms of the proportion of women in older age categories. Only
38.5% of the women in this group were aged 45 and over in 2006, the lowest
percentage among all occupational groups. Moreover, between 1995 and 2006,
this proportion increased only 7.7 percentage points. Over 55.0% of the men
in this occupational group were aged 45 and over.

Computer systems group: Big gains among older women

The computer systems group was the only one where the numbers of both men
and women increased significantly between 1995 and 2006. In fact, for both
genders, the numbers doubled with a slight edge for women. Consequently, the
proportion of women increased only slightly, from 25.5% in 1995 to 29.1% in
2006.

This group of workers is also unique with respect to aging. Between 1995 and
2006, the proportion of women aged 45 and over jumped by 27.3 percentage
points. In 1995, women in this group were by far the youngest in the CPA,
with only 15.5% of them aged 45 or over. In 2006, 42.8% of the women in
computer systems were 45 and over.

Among men, those in this category were also the youngest in 1995, with only
26.6% aged 45 and over. By 2006, men in this category were still the
youngest, even though their proportion had risen to 38.8%.

Executive group: Proportion of women doubled and the oldest group

The executive group showed the largest increase for knowledge-based
occupations between 1995 and 2006 in the proportion of employees who were
female. In 1995, about 19.4% of the employees were female; by 2006, this
proportion had doubled to 38.8% but still remained the occupational group
with the lowest female representation.

In terms of absolute numbers, the number of women nominated directors or
above increased 2.5 fold during this period. In 1995, only 690 women headed
a division or had higher responsibilities; but in 2006, almost 1,750 had
reached that level.

Men and women in the executive group, by the nature of the job and the time
it takes to have the experience and knowledge to get there, are clearly the
older employees. In 2006, 76.9% of the women and 83.4% of the men were aged
45 and over. While the proportion for men aged 45 and over remained about
the same as in 1995, that of women increased by over 16 percentage points.

Less knowledge-based occupations: Employment plunges by a third

The proportion of employment in the less knowledge-based occupational
categories has declined since 1995. They are the group of workers who left
the federal government en masse between 1995 and 1999.

Employment in the less knowledge-based occupational categories plunged by
one-third, from just over 106,300 in 1995 to just over 70,600 in 2006.

Trends in employment in the CPA could partly be explained by a steady
increase in occupations that rely on new technologies, those transformed by
the use of computers, and a decrease in occupations which can be replaced by
such technology. For instance, technologies, such as automated data capture,
are being used to minimize the need for manual keying.

For the most part, the number of both men and women declined in the less
knowledge-based occupations between 1995 and 2006. However, the number of
women in the technical category increased slightly during this period. It
had slightly more than 5,600 female employees in 2006, compared with just
under 5,000 in 1995.

Consequently, women slightly outnumbered men in representation among less
knowledge-based occupations in 2006 with 51.6%. However, in the
administrative support group, they made up almost 81.8% of the staff.

Administrative support group: Clearly a predominantly female group

The administrative support group clearly outnumbered any other section of
the less knowledgebased category. They also experienced a lost of 15,000
jobs between 1995 and 2006, the biggest decline of any group. It had the
largest share of women, who accounted for 84.1% of employees in 1995 and
81.8% in 2006.

Employment declined among both men and women in this group between 1995 and
2006, but women were clearly hardest hit. They lost 14,000 jobs, compared to
under 2,000 for men.

These large cuts had an important impact on the age structure in this
category. The proportion of women aged 45 and over rose by 19.4 percentage
points between 1995 and 2006, while it rose by almost 15 percentage points
for men. By 2006, the majority of women were aged 45 and over in this
occupational group.

Operational group: Small decline in number of women

While the number of men in the operational group fell by over 10,000 between
1995 and 2006, the number of women dropped by only 600. Consequently, the
proportion of women increased from 13.9% to 18.9%.

The proportion of women in the operational group who were aged 45 and over
showed the lowest increase, only 2.8 percentage points, between 1995 and
2006.

In 2006, only 40.8% of the women were in that age group, making it the
second youngest of the eight occupational groups.

Technical group: only less knowledge-based group to increase for women

The only employees in the less knowledge-based category to increase in
number between 1995 and 2006 were female technicians. The gain was modest,
with just over 600 jobs.

At the same time, the number of male technicians declined. As a result, in
2006, 31.9% of the technicians were women, compared with only 19.2% in 1995.

The male technical group was the oldest among less knowledge-based workers,
and only behind the executive group among all male workers in the CPA. In
2006, 62.2% of them were aged 45 and over.

Female technicians appeared to be much younger than their male counterparts.
In 2006, only 44.0% of them were aged 45 or over, although this is more than
double the proportion of 21.0% in 1995.


----------------------------
Knowledge-based workers
Researchers have defined knowledge-based workers in many different ways. The
definition for this study,
inspired by one classification proposed by Lavoie and Roy, labels certain
occupational categories as more
knowledge-based.3 These include: physicists; mathematicians; chemists; civil
and mechanical engineers;
biochemists; agriculturalists; ecologists; analysts; programmers;
economists; accountants; lawyers, and
artists.
The majority of the occupations listed above can in general be found in the
following occupational categories
defined in the CPA: scientific and professional; computer systems; program
and administrative executive;
and administrative and foreign service categories. Therefore, they will be
referred to as the knowledgebased
occupational categories. 4
The less knowledge-based categories are made of the CPA's technical,
operational and administrative
support categories. More specifically, less knowledge-based occupational
categories include groups such as
clerical and regulatory, secretarial, stenographic and typing, engineering
and scientific support, social
science support, general technician, correctional services, general labour
and trades, and general services.
Students and others not classified were ignored for the occupational
analysis. They represent less than 4%
of the CPA employees between 1995 and 2006.
For more details regarding the groupings see the data sources and methods
section.


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Messages in this topic (1)
2. Soviet roots of todays family law and divorce system
Posted by: "Vaderkenniscentrum VKC" tromp@casema.nl familyrights2003
Mon Jan 28, 2008 10:25 am (PST)
Soviet roots of todays family law and divorce system « Father Knowledge
Centre (FKC)
http://fatherknowledgecentre.wordpress.com/2008/01/28/1/


_____

Peter Tromp
Vaderkenniscentrum van Stichting Kind en Omgangsrecht
E-mail:

vaderkenniscentrum@gmail.com

Websites:
http://www.vaderkenniscentrum.blogspot.com

http://www.vaderdagtrofee.blogspot.com
http://www.vadertop.blogspot.com

http://www.jurlex-ouderschap-nl.blogspot.com

Vaderkenniscentrum (VKC) richt zich op het ontsluiten van informatie en
kennis die eraan bijdraagt om de rol van mannen en vaders bij de opvoeding
van, de zorg voor en het onderwijs aan kinderen op waarde te schatten en met
overheidsbeleid te ondersteunen op een wijze die aan inzet en betrokkenheid
van vaders voor hun kinderen en aan de gelijkwaardigheid van vaders aan
moeders als ouders recht doet. Een kind heeft recht op de gelijkwaardige
zorg en betrokkenheid van beide ouders en beide genders. In gezinsverband -
óók na een scheiding – maar ook in de kinderopvang, op school en in de
andere levensgebieden van kinderen.
_____

_____


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Messages in this topic (1)
3a. Dads on the air from Sydney Australia but for the world to hear on
Posted by: "fr4e@yahoogroups.com" fr4e@yahoogroups.com
Mon Jan 28, 2008 1:26 pm (PST)
Reminder from: fr4e Yahoo! Group
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fr4e/cal

Dads on the air from Sydney Australia but for the world to hear on the internet
Tuesday January 29, 2008
12:30 am - 2:00 am
(This event repeats every week.)
(The next reminder for this event will be sent in 1 hour, 49 minutes.)
Location: Australia - Sydney - World

Notes:
Dads on the air - INTERNATIONAL COMMENT - Listen today to Australia's leading radio program for fathers

Live broadcasting times on tuesdays:
- CET, Central European Time :: In the late night from mondays till tuesdays 00.30-02.00 hours
- British Broadcasting Time :: late mondayevenings 23.30 till early tuesdaymornings 01.00 hours
- Local Australia-NSW Broadcasting time :: tuesdaymornings 10.30-12.00 hours
http://dadsontheair.net/

Programmed on tuesday 4th December 2007:

John Waters
* John Waters is a well known Irish journalist and social commentator, who calls a spade a spade. John speaks his mind at the Amen conference in Dublin attacking the authorities for ignoring their duty of care to fathers and their children and refering to this scandal as being a gross violation of human rights.

With special guests
* Dean Tong. Dean Tong is an internationally known family rights and forensic consultant on child abuse, domestic violence, and child custody cases. Dean Tong is also an author of a number of books including, "Don't blame me Daddy: False accusations of child sexual abuse; A hidden national tragedy" and "Elusive Innocence; Survival guide for the falsely accused"

------------------------
THE WORLD'S LONGEST RUNNING RADIO PROGRAM ON FATHERS' ISSUES

You can hear the show around the world via live streaming from the 2GLF website at: http://www.893fm.com.au
Click on the "Listen Now" button.

Or subscribe to the Dads on the Air podcast - it's an automatic download of our latest audio.
feed://www.dadsontheair.net/shows/podcast.xml

http://2glf.serverroom.us:8692

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Copyright © 2008
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3b. Dads on the air from Sydney Australia but for the world to hear on
Posted by: "fr4e@yahoogroups.com" fr4e@yahoogroups.com
Mon Jan 28, 2008 3:10 pm (PST)
Reminder from: fr4e Yahoo! Group
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fr4e/cal

Dads on the air from Sydney Australia but for the world to hear on the internet
Tuesday January 29, 2008
12:30 am - 2:00 am
(This event repeats every week.)
Location: Australia - Sydney - World

Notes:
Dads on the air - INTERNATIONAL COMMENT - Listen today to Australia's leading radio program for fathers

Live broadcasting times on tuesdays:
- CET, Central European Time :: In the late night from mondays till tuesdays 00.30-02.00 hours
- British Broadcasting Time :: late mondayevenings 23.30 till early tuesdaymornings 01.00 hours
- Local Australia-NSW Broadcasting time :: tuesdaymornings 10.30-12.00 hours
http://dadsontheair.net/

Programmed on tuesday 4th December 2007:

John Waters
* John Waters is a well known Irish journalist and social commentator, who calls a spade a spade. John speaks his mind at the Amen conference in Dublin attacking the authorities for ignoring their duty of care to fathers and their children and refering to this scandal as being a gross violation of human rights.

With special guests
* Dean Tong. Dean Tong is an internationally known family rights and forensic consultant on child abuse, domestic violence, and child custody cases. Dean Tong is also an author of a number of books including, "Don't blame me Daddy: False accusations of child sexual abuse; A hidden national tragedy" and "Elusive Innocence; Survival guide for the falsely accused"

------------------------
THE WORLD'S LONGEST RUNNING RADIO PROGRAM ON FATHERS' ISSUES

You can hear the show around the world via live streaming from the 2GLF website at: http://www.893fm.com.au
Click on the "Listen Now" button.

Or subscribe to the Dads on the Air podcast - it's an automatic download of our latest audio.
feed://www.dadsontheair.net/shows/podcast.xml

http://2glf.serverroom.us:8692

All Rights Reserved
Copyright © 2008
Yahoo! Inc.
http://www.yahoo.com

Privacy Policy:
http://privacy.yahoo.com/privacy/us

Terms of Service:
http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/

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Messages in this topic (2)
4. [Statcan] Family Violence in Canada - Statistical Profile 2007 - Can
Posted by: "Vaderkenniscentrum VKC" tromp@casema.nl familyrights2003
Mon Jan 28, 2008 3:31 pm (PST)
Family Violence in Canada - Statistical Profile 2006
Statcan - Lucie Ogrodnik - October 11, 2007
http://www.statcan.ca/english/freepub/85-224-XIE/85-224-XIE2007000.pdf

This is the tenth annual Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile
report produced by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics under the
Federal Family Violence Initiative. This annual report provides the most
current data on the nature and extent of family violence in Canada, as well
as trends over time, as part of the ongoing initiative to inform policy
makers and the public about family violence issues.

Each year the report has a different focus. This year, for the first time,
the criminal histories of persons accused of spousal homicide or attempted
spousal homicide are examined. Using the Incident-based Uniform Crime
Reporting (UCR2) Survey, a composite file was created to identify
police-reported offences committed by spousal homicide offenders over the
previous 11-year period (1995 to 2005). In addition, the report also
presents an analysis of family violence against children and youth, and
family violence against seniors (65+).

Information by format
([B] = Bilingual;
see
"Bilingual products" below )

PDF
(Information on this page is for this format.)


Product:
Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

Catalogue no.:
85-224-XIE

Frequency:
Annual

Latest issue:
2007
Free
* View

* More


Release date:
October 11, 2007

Authors:
Ogrodnik, Lucie

*
Chronological index


History note
The 1998 issue of the Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile
report is general in focus. The focus of the 1999 issue is justice system
responses to family violence. The focus of the 2000 issue is the incidence
of spousal violence, reported by both women and men in the 1999 General
Social Survey. The focus of the 2001 issue is child abuse. The focuses of
the 2002 issue are impacts and consequences of family violence.

The print publication continues to be released under the same title (first
issue date: 1997) as began with the 2000 issue.

Subjects
*
20000> Children and youth
o
009> Violence among children and youth
*
2693> Crime and justice
o
02> Crimes and offences
o
96> Family violence

Keywords
aboriginal peoples, analytical products, assaults, causes of death, child
abuse, children, common law unions, criminal harassment, drug use, elder
abuse, family violence, firearms, homicides, hospitalization rates,
household income, immigrants, incidents reported, international comparisons,
low income, marital status, marriages, measurement, prosecutions,
recidivists, risk factors, seniors, sentences (justice), separated persons,
sexual assaults, shelters, social services, spousal violence, support
services, suspect victim relationship, unemployment, victimization, victims,
violence, violence against women, visible minorities, wife assaults.

Contacts
* For more information about our products or services, please
contact us.

Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile 2007
* 85-224-XIE

*

Main page
*

Highlights
* More

information
* Full

content in PDF
*
Other
issues of Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile


Excerpt from::

Family Violence in Canada:
A Statistical Profile 2007
Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics
http://www.statcan.ca/english/freepub/85-224-XIE/85-224-XIE2007000.pdf

Highlights

Chapter 1 Spousal homicide or attempts and prior police contact for spousal
abuse

. Results from a subset of linked police records from 1995 to 2005 reveal
that for nearly three-quarters of spousal homicides or attempted spousal
homicides, the perpetrator had no prior arrest history for spousal abuse
during the study time frame. For those with a history of spousal violence,
most were 'repeat offenders' who had between 1 and 3 incidents of spousal
violence reported to police prior to the spousal homicide or attempt.
. The proportion of males accused of spousal homicide or attempted homicide
was 3.5 times greater than their female counterparts to be 'repeat
offenders', and were also more likely to be 'chronic offenders'. For 9 in 10
females who killed or attempted to kill their husbands, the homicide or
attempt was their first spousal violence offence reported to police during
the 11-year time frame (93%). This compares to nearly 7 in 10 males accused
of killing or attempting to kill their wives (69%).
. For over one-third of spousal homicides or attempts (37%), the elapsed
time between the last incident of spousal abuse reported to police and the
homicide was less than 6 months. Another 18% of spousal homicides/attempts
occurred within 6 months to 2 years of previously police-reported spousal
abuse. For female victims of spousal homicide/attempted homicide, the window
between the most recent episode of abuse and the lethal or near lethal
violence was shorter than it was for male victims of spousal
homicide/attempted homicide.
. Just over three-quarters (78%) of spousal incidents reported to police
prior to the homicide or attempt showed no escalation in the severity of the
violence. Despite prior police intervention, 22% of victims of spousal
homicide or attempted homicide reported an increase in the severity of the
violence to the police before the lethal or near lethal incident.
. Police laid charges in the majority (84%) of spousal incidents leading up
to the spousal homicide or attempted homicide. For the remaining prior
spousal incidents that were reported to police, victims requested that
police not press charges (8%) or the incident was cleared otherwise (8%),
such as the accused being committed to a mental hospital or referred to a
community-based or diversionary program.

Chapter 2 Family violence against children and youth

. Data from a subset of 122 police services in 2005 indicate that children
and youth under 18 years of age are at greatest risk of being physically or
sexually assaulted by someone they know. The rates of physical and sexual
assault were highest when the accused was a friend or acquaintance (348 per
100,000), followed by a family member (200 per 100,000) or a stranger (120
per 100,000).
. The rate of physical assault of children and youth by a parent was 3 times
higher than the rate of sexual assault (124 victims compared to 39 per
100,000 children and youth). Rates of physical and sexual assault committed
by siblings were identical (29 per 100,000), while the rate of sexual
assault by an extended family member was double the rate of physical assault
(27 compared to 13 per 100,000).
. Nearly 4 in 10 child and youth victims of family violence sustained a
physical injury in 2005 (37%). Male victims were more likely to sustain
injuries than were females (44% compared to 33%).
. According to the Homicide Survey, in 2005 there were 60 homicides
committed against children and youth under the age of 18 across Canada. Over
one-third of these homicides were committed by family members.
. The majority of family-related homicides against children and youth in
2005 were committed by parents (71%). Fathers are more likely than mothers
to be the perpetrators of family-related homicide against children and youth
(See Figure 2.5 below). Between 1996 and 2005, 56% of children and youth
killed by a family member were killed by their fathers, 33% by their mothers
. Infants (less than 1 year of age) experienced higher rates of
family-related homicide than older children. In the most recent 10-year
period (1996 to 2005), over one-quarter of children and youth killed by a
family member were infants (28%). Baby boys tend to be at greater risk than
baby girls (40 male victims compared to 27 female victims per million
infants).
. Young parents are disproportionately represented among those accused of
killing their child. Despite representing only 2% of all parents, young
parents (between the ages of 15 and 24) were responsible for 60% of
homicides against infants and 14% of homicides against children and youth.
. According to police-reported data in 2005, approximately 2,634 violent
incidents were committed against a parent by their son or daughter. The
mother was the victim in 7 in 10 violent incidents inflicted by their son or
daughter.
. Most violent incidents committed by a son or daughter against a parent
were common assaults (60%), followed by uttering threats (18%) and major
assaults (17%).
. The age group most often involved in incidents of violence against a
parent were 12- to 17-year olds (46%), followed by 18- to 24-year olds
(27%).

Chapter 3 Family violence against older adults

. Police-reported data consistently show that seniors (aged 65 years and
over) have the lowest risk of being victims of violent crime. In 2005,
seniors represented 2% of all victims of violent crime, or a rate of 160
incidents for every 100,000 seniors. This rate was 2.5 times lower than that
of 55 to 64 year olds (404 per 100,000), and 14 times lower than 15 to 24
year olds or the age group at highest risk (2,317 per 100,000).
. Similar to all victims of crime, senior victims were more likely to be
victimized by someone they knew (88 per 100,000) than by a stranger (51 per
100,000). Among perpetrators known to senior victims, friends or
acquaintances were the most common, followed by their adult children and
current or ex-spouses.
. While the overall rates of violence against seniors were higher for senior
men, rates of family-related violence were higher for senior women (47
versus 36 per 100,000).
. Senior victims of family violence were most likely to be victimized by an
adult child (15 per 100,000) or current or former spouse (13 per 100,000).
In comparison, persons under 65 years of age were most often victimized by
their spouse, followed by a parent or sibling.
. Older seniors (aged 85 years and over) were less likely to be victims of
family violence (22 per 100,000) compared to younger seniors aged 75 to 84
years of age (34 per 100,000) and 65 to 74 years of age (52 per 100,000).
. Over half (53%) of family violence against seniors does not result in
physical injury to the victim. When physical injuries are sustained, they
are generally minor in nature (37%) resulting from the aggressor's use of
physical force.
. In 2005, four in ten homicides against seniors were committed by a family
member (44%). Another one-third of seniors were killed by an acquaintance
(31%), 17% by a stranger, and the remaining homicides were unsolved.
. Senior female victims killed by a family member were most likely to be
killed by their spouse (37%) or adult son or step-son (37%). Senior male
homicide victims were most likely to be killed by their adult son or
step-son (57%).


Table of contents
Page
Highlights
............................................................................
....................................................................... 6
Introduction
............................................................................
................................................................... 8
1.0 Spousal homicide or attempts and prior police contact for spousal abuse
................................. 9
by Lucie Ogrodnik
1.1 Introduction
............................................................................
............................................................. 9
1.2 Prevalence of spousal homicide in Canada
............................................................................
............ 9
1.3 Spousal homicides or attempts and prior police contact for spousal
abuse: an 11-year data file,
1995 to 2005
............................................................................
................................. ............................... 10
1.4 History of prior police contact
............................................................................
.................................. 11
1.5 Seriousness of prior spousal abuse
............................................................................
........................ 12
1.6 Police response to prior spousal violence
............................................................................
............... 15
1.7 Spousal homicide narratives, 1997 to 2005
............................................................................
............ 16
by Cory Aston
1.8 Emotional and fi nancial abuse by spouses
............................................................................
............. 17
by Diane Beauchamp
2.0 Family violence against children and youth
............................................................................
....... 20
by Jodi-Anne Brzozowski
2.1 Sexual and physical violence against children and youth
.................................................................... 20
2.2 Family violence against children and youth
............................................................................
............. 22
2.3 Parents victimized by their children
............................................................................
......................... 24
by Diane Beauchamp
2.4 Family-related homicides against children and youth
..........................................................................
24
by Hannah McGechie
3.0 Family violence against older adults
............................................................................
................... 32
by Hannah McGechie
3.1 Violence against seniors
............................................................................
......................................... 32
3.2 Family violence against older adults
............................................................................
........................ 33
3.3 Family-related homicides against older adults
............................................................................
........ 35
by Hannah McGechie
Data sources
............................................................................
............................................................... 39
Methodology
............................................................................
............................................................... 40
Defi nitions
............................................................................
.................................................................. 43
References
............................................................................
.................................................................. 45


Fathers responsible for the majority of family homicides against children
and youth, 1996 to 2005

2.4 Family-related homicides against children and youth

by Hannah McGechie

In 2005, there were 60 homicides committed against children and youth
[12],[13] across Canada; 41 of the victims were male, 19 were female. This
represents a 9% increase from 2004, when the number of children and youth
killed in Canada was at its lowest since data were first collected in
1974.[14 ]This increase was driven by an increase in the number of male
victims (30 in 2004, which was a historic low), as the number of female
victims declined between 2004 and 2005 and was the lowest count since 1974.
Homicides against children and youth represent nearly one out of every ten
homicides in Canada.

Over one-third (21) of homicides against children and youth were committed
by family members in 2005. Nonfamily members (including acquaintances and
friends) were responsible for 17 child and youth homicides, 6 were killed by
strangers and the remaining 16 homicides are unsolved.


Overall, the rate of family-related homicide against children and youth has
fluctuated since 1974 without a discernable pattern (Figure 2.4). The rate
decreased by 38% (13 fewer homicides) between 2004 and 2005 to just over 3
homicides per million children and youth, the lowest rate in 31 years.

The rate of family-related homicide against children and youth has been
consistently higher than the rate of nonfamily-related homicide since 1974.
The only exceptions occurred in 1981 and 2005.

Parents [15] are responsible for most family-related homicides against
children and youth
Data have consistently shown that the majority of familyrelated homicides
against children and youth are committed by parents. In 2005, over seven in
ten (71%) perpetrators of family-related homicides against children and
youth were parents. This is consistent with the trend over the past three
decades; between 1975 and 2004, 86% of family-related homicide victims who
were under the age of 18 were killed by a parent.


Fathers are more likely than mothers to be the perpetrators of
family-related homicide against children and youth (Figure 2.5). Between
1996 and 2005, 56% of children and youth killed by a family member were
killed by their fathers, 33% by their mothers, and the remaining 11% by
other family members (including siblings, grandparents, cousins, or other
extended family16). The proportion of homicides committed by parents was
higher when the victim was under 12 years of age (65%) than for adolescent
victims aged 12 to 17 years (35%).

Over the past decade, the proportion of step-parents accused of killing a
child has increased from 6% to 15%. This may be due, in part, to the
increase in the number of step-families in recent years. The 2001 Census
found that the number of step-families in Canada increased 17% between 1995
and 2001 (Statistics Canada, 2002a).

Young parents over-represented as accused
While young parents between the ages of 15 and 24 years of age represent
only 2% of all parents (Statistics Canada, 2002b), they are responsible for
60% of homicides against infants (children less than one year of age), and
14% of homicides against children and youth.

Family-related homicide rates highest among infants
In the most recent 10-year period (1996 to 2005), over onequarter (28%) of
children and youth killed by a family member were infants (under the age of
one year).

Baby boys tend to be at greater risk than baby girls for family-related
homicide. The rate of family-related homicide against boys averaged 40 per
million male infants between 1996 and 2005, compared to 27 per million
female infants (Figure 2.6).


Homicide rates of male and female children become more similar once children
reach their first birthday, and their risk continues to decrease as they
age. The rate for 1 to 3 year olds (11 per million) between 1996 and 2005
was three times lower than for infants (34 per million), and the rate for
youths aged 12 to 17 was eleven times lower (3 per million).

The majority (68%) of youth homicide victims were killed by someone outside
the family, such as a casual acquaintance, stranger or close friend.

The methods used in family-related homicides against children and youth
varied depending on the age of the victim (Table 2.7). Over the past 10
years, younger victims, aged 0 to 6 years of age, were most likely to be
killed by the use of physical force. One-quarter (26%) died from
strangulation, 25% from beating and 18% from Shaken Baby Syndrome.[17]

Children and youth between the ages of 7 and 17 who were victims of
family-related homicide were more likely to be killed with a weapon. Since
1996, 39% of child homicide victims were shot and 24% were stabbed to death.

Accused committed suicide in one-quarter of familyrelated homicides against
children and youth
Family-related homicides committed against children and youth were more
likely than homicides in general (6% of incidents) to be followed by the
suicide of the perpetrator.

Over one-quarter (27%) of homicides committed against children and youth by
family members between 1996 and 2005 were followed by the suicide of the
accused person.

In almost all (95%) of these suicides, the accused was the child's parent or
step-parent. Parent-child homicide-suicides were predominantly committed by
the child's father or stepfather (75%).

Parents of older children were more likely than parents of younger children
to commit suicide after killing their own child. Six in ten (61%) homicides
against 12 to 17 year olds were followed by the accused parent's suicide,
compared to less than 4% of infant homicides.

History of family violence reported in one-third of child and youth
homicides
A history of family violence [18] was reported by police in nearly one-third
(30%) of homicides committed against children and youth over the most recent
10-year period.

Family violence was more likely to have been present when the accused person
was the victim's father (36%) compared to the victim's mother (21%). When
the homicide was committed by another family member such as a sibling, a
history of abuse was present in 34% of incidents.

Police reported the presence of a psychological or developmental disorder
[19] such as depression, schizophrenia or developmental delays in over
one-quarter (28%) of family-related homicides against children and youth. In
contrast, these types of disorders were suspected in 8% of
non-family-related homicides against children and youth.

12. Children and youth include those under the age of 18 years.
13. Child and youth homicides may be under-reported since some deaths caused
by intentional injury may be misclassifi ed as resulting from natural or
undetermined causes.
14. Incidents of manslaughter and infanticide were not recorded on the
Homicide database prior to 1974.
15. Includes step and adopted parents.
16. Related to the victim by blood, marriage, or adoption.
17. Incidents of Shaken Baby Syndrome that result in death may be
under-counted due to misdiagnosis and under-reporting. The Homicide Survey
began collecting data on Shaken Baby Syndrome in 1997.
18. The Homicide Survey does not identify the perpetrator of the family
violence, only that a history or pattern of family violence existed between
the accused and the victim. The incidence of prior family violence may be
under-reported as it may be unknown to police.
19. This information is based upon police perceptions as to the mental
condition of the accused person at the time of the homicide and is not
necessarily supported by a medical or health professional's assessment.



Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile - Chronological index
http://www.statcan.ca/bsolc/english/bsolc?catno=85-224-X

&CHROPG=1


Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

2007000
2007 - Released October 11, 2007


PDF
Free
* View

* Issue
> notes


Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

2006000
2006 - Released July 13, 2006


PDF
Free
* View

* Issue
> notes


Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

2005000
2005 - Released July 14, 2005


PDF
Free
* View

* Issue
> notes

Article information

Family homicide-suicides

More
info... July 14, 2005


Family homicides

More
info... July 14, 2005


Family violence against children and youth

More
info... July 14, 2005


Family violence against older adults

More
info... July 14, 2005


Stalking-criminal harassment

More
info... July 14, 2005


Trends in self-reported spousal violence

More
info... July 14, 2005


Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

2004000
2004 - Released July 6, 2004


PDF
Free
* View

* Issue
> notes

Article information

Family homicide

More
info... July 6, 2004


Family violence against children and youth

More
info... July 6, 2004


Family violence against older adults

More
info... July 6, 2004


Sentencing in cases of family violence

More
info... July 6, 2004


Spousal violence

More
info... July 6, 2004


Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

2003000
2003 - Released June 23, 2003


PDF
Free
* View

* Issue
> notes

Article information

Family violence against older adults

More
info... June 23, 2003


Responses of courts and correctional systems to family violence

More
info... June 23, 2003


Shelters for abused women and their children

More
info... June 23, 2003


Spousal violence

More
info... June 23, 2003


Violence and abuse against children and youth by family members

More
info... June 23, 2003


Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

2002000
2002 - Released June 26, 2002


PDF
Free
* View

* Issue
> notes

Article information

Family violence against older adults

More
info... June 26, 2002


Spousal violence

More
info... June 26, 2002


Violence against children and youth

More
info... June 26, 2002


Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

2001000
2001 - Released June 28, 2001


PDF
Free
* View



Article information

Children in shelters for abused women

More
info... June 28, 2001


Children witnessing family violence

More
info... June 28, 2001


Homicide of children and youth

More
info... June 28, 2001


Spousal violence

More
info... June 28, 2001


The Canadian incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect

More
info... June 28, 2001


Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

2000000
2000 - Released July 25, 2000


PDF
Free
* View



Article information

Abuse of older adults by family members

More
info... July 25, 2000


Family homicide

More
info... July 25, 2000


Family violence courts

More
info... July 25, 2000


Measuring family violence

More
info... July 25, 2000


Ontario domestic violence courts initiative

More
info... July 25, 2000


Police-reported spousal violence

More
info... July 25, 2000


Spousal violence

More
info... July 25, 2000


Trends in victim-reported wife assault

More
info... July 25, 2000


Violence against children and youth by family members

More
info... July 25, 2000


Winnipeg family violence court report

More
info... July 25, 2000


Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

1999000
1999 - Released June 11, 1999


PDF
Free
* View



Article information

Family homicide

More
info... June 11, 1999


Highlights (Family violence in Canada: A statistical profile 1999)

More
info... June 11, 1999


Measuring family violence

More
info... June 11, 1999


Responses to family violence

More
info... June 11, 1999


Spousal violence

More
info... June 11, 1999


Violence against children and youth by family members

More
info... June 11, 1999


Violence against older adults by family members

More
info... June 11, 1999


Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile

1998000
1998 - Released May 28, 1998


PDF
Free
* View



Article information

Child abuse

More
info... May 28, 1998


Criminal abuse of older adults

More
info... May 28, 1998


Family homicide

More
info... May 28, 1998


Highlights (Family violence in Canada: A statistical profile 1998)

More
info... May 28, 1998


Spousal violence

More
info... May 28, 1998

Notes
* This index lists all articles in all formats from all issues.
* Most back issues and articles are only available in PDF or HTML
format; many can be downloaded for free.
* Articles from for sale issues are not available individually.
* To see summary information for an article and to view/download it,
click on its title.
* Free content has a "View" button.


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Messages in this topic (1)
5. [USA] Stephen Baskerville's new book/boek: "Taken Into Custody: The
Posted by: "Vaderkenniscentrum VKC" tromp@casema.nl familyrights2003
Mon Jan 28, 2008 3:55 pm (PST)




FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: January 28, 2008

New Book Exposes Corruption in Divorce Industry

Taken Into Custody:
The War Against Fathers, Marriage, and the Family

STEPHEN BASKERVILLE, PhD

"This book is a tremendous and much-needed report on how family courts and government policies are harming children.
Phyllis Schlafly, president, Eagle Forum

What lies behind America´s epidemic of divorce, family breakdown, and fatherlessness?
Dr. Stephen Baskerville, Assistant Professor of Government at Patrick Henry College, argues that the most direct cause is the divorce industry: a system of courts and bureaucracies that tears apart families, separates children from fit and loving parents, confiscates the wealth of families, and turns law-abiding citizens into criminals in ways they are powerless to avoid.

Questions to Ask Dr. Baskerville:

* Isn´t divorce a fact of modern life? "Divorce" has become an excuse for family courts to invade families, violate the Bill of Rights, and deny parents their constitutional protections.
* What about "deadbeat dads" who "abandon their children"? No evidence indicates that large numbers of fathers are abandoning their children. The "deadbeat dad" is created by perverse policies that plunder parents whose children have been taken away.
* Aren´t these fathers guilty of "domestic violence"? Very little family violence occurs in intact families. This feminist propaganda rationalizes the destruction of families, endangers children, and makes criminals of innocent parents.
* What about fathers who molest their children? Fathers commit a tiny proportion of child abuse. Most takes places in single-parent homes after fathers are forcibly removed.

This is the most devastating indictment of the divorce industry ever published. It exposes (and documents) the most destructive civil rights abuse in America today. Family courts and Soviet-style bureaucracies trample basic civil liberties, remove children at will, and jail parents without due process of law, much less a trial. No parent, no child, no family in America is safe.

THE AUTHOR: Stephen Baskerville is Assistant Professor of Government at Patrick Henry College and President of the American Coalition for Fathers and Children. He holds a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics and is a Fellow at the Howard Center for Family, Religion, and Society. The author of more than eighty articles on fatherhood and family topics in scholarly and current affairs journals, he has appeared widely on national radio and television programs. His published writings are at www.stephenbaskerville.net .

Dr. Baskerville has already appeared on these shows, among others:
The O´Reilly Factor
Hardball
The Dennis Prager Show
CNN
Alan Colmes Radio Show
Court TV with Fred Graham and Katherine Crier
Think Tank with Ben Wattenberg
Extension 720 with Milt Rosenberg
Janet Parshall´s America
Bott Radio Network

His writings have appeared in these leading national and international publications:

Washington Post

Washington Times
American Conservative
World Net Daily
Insight
American Spectator
The Spectator
American Enterprise
National Review Online
MovieGuide.com
Human Events
Catholic World Report
Crisis
Whistleblower
LewRockwell.com
Liberty
Independent Review
Salisbury Review
Society

Political Science and Politics

Women's Quarterly
Family Policy Review

Contact:
sbaskerville@cox.net

Available at Amazon's special price of $16.47 (regular price $24.95).


Praise for Taken Into Custody

"Since unilateral divorce was adopted in the 1970s, millions of innocent parents have lost their fundamental right to raise their own children to an array of government officials and "experts," such as judges, lawyers, psychotherapists, social workers, child protective services, child support enforcement agents, mediators, counselors, and feminist groups. Dr. Baskerville documents injustices to children and fathers that might otherwise seem beyond belief. He exposes the distortions and fabrications propagated by the divorce industry to rationalize confiscating children from their parents. This is must reading for everyone who loves children, family, or justice." Phyllis Schlafly, President, Eagle Forum


"At long last, Stephen Baskerville in Taken Into Custody: The War Against Fathers, Marriage and the Family, has made the case for the critical importance of fathers in bringing up children. His view, that fathers are the victim of discrimination in the court system in this country, is absolutely correct. Hopefully this book will begin a counter revolution so that fathers will be seen as essential to raising a family. The only successful families, by and large, are those with BOTH parents and children. This book has long been needed, and Dr. Baskerville is absolutely the right person to have written it. Paul M. Weyrich, Hon. PhD, Chairman and CEO, Free Congress Research and Education Foundation


"Taken Into Custody exposes the corruption of the divorce industry - lawyers paid to destroy marriages, courts who do their bidding, and bought state legislators. It is must reading by millions who lost access to their children, but also by church leaders whose support is essential if Stephen Baskerville´s reforms are to have a chance. The danger of gay marriage is trivial compared to the carnage of divorce explored here." Michael J. McManus, President and Co-Founder, Marriage Savers


"Baskerville has exposed a major abuse of power that is not only responsible for destroying families and for the social disorder that ensues from that. It also rationalizes massive government spending and violations of our constitutional freedoms by courts, bureaucracies, and other arms of the state. Today's social crisis is not the product of impersonal social forces to which we must resign ourselves. It is the logical culmination of the modern state's perpetual drive to create problems for itself to solve. This book powerfully reveals the interconnected threats to the family, accountable government, and freedom." Grover Norquist, President, Americans for Tax Reform


"A brave scholar willing to break the conspiracy of silence on key family issues, Stephen Baskerville exposes the legal abuses now common in the nation´s divorce courts. Such abuses often strip entirely innocent fathers of basic constitutional rights in proceedings that saddle them with heavy support payments for children with whom they are denied meaningful contact. Much-needed reform can only come through the kind of sober analysis this book provides." Bryce Christensen, author of Divided We Fall: Family Discord and the Fracturing of America


"No-fault divorce, in practice, means unilateral divorce. When one parent is divorced against his will, that means the state must enforce the separation of that parent from his (or sometimes her) children and home. That means the state will intrude in the most personal areas of the family´s life, in effect, obliterating the distinction between public and private. These are the key insights of Stephen Baskerville´s important new book, Taken into Custody. Everyone concerned about the condition of marriage and children should read this book." Jennifer Roback-Morse, PhD, economist and author, Smart Sex: Finding Life-Long Love in a Hook-Up World

"Stephen Baskerville's Taken into Custody powerfully depicts the myriad cruelties and injustices currently being visited upon American fathers." Glenn Sacks, columnist and talk radio host

Taken Into Custody now has 37 reviews on Amazon.com -- all 5 stars.


Stephen Baskerville will be interviewed today, over the next week, and beyond about Taken Into Custody on the following shows:

Last Friday (but perhaps online), January 25th, 9:35 am Eastern
Catholic Connection, Host: Teresa Tomeo
WDEO Radio, Detroit (and syndicated)
http://www.avemariaradio.net/christian-radio-host.php/Teresa-Tomeo/

Today, Monday, January 28th, 10:30 am Eastern
KVSS Radio, Omaha, Nebraska
The Morning Show
Interview with Kris McGregor
http://www.kvss.com/
TOP 100 SHOW

Today, Monday, January 28th, 11:15 am Eastern
Interview with Dick Nelson
WJON Radio, "The Daily Dose"
St Cloud, Minnesota

Tomorrow, Tuesday, January 29th, 10:10 am Eastern
Interview with Jim Scott
WLW Radio - Cincinnati OH
TOP 50 SHOW

Tomorrow, Tuesday, January 29th, 11:05 am Eastern
Interview with Ted Elm - The Northland Notebook
WWJC Radio, Duluth, MN

Wednesday, January 30th, 1:00 pm Eastern
Interview with Gary Doyle
CKGL Radio, Ontario, Canada
NATIONAL SHOW

Wednesday, January 30th, 2:30 pm Eastern
Interview with Mary Jones "Midday Magazine"
WDRC Radio
San Antonio, Texas
Bloomfield, Connecticut
TOP 50 SHOW
http://www.maryjonesshow.com/

Friday, February 1st, 8:40 am Eastern
Interview with Larry Whitler
WOCA Radio - Ocala FL

Friday, February 1st, 10 am Eastern
Interview wwith Dave Chaffin & Amy Richards
The Morning Zone
Cheyenne, WY
KGAB Radio

Tuesday, February 12th, 11:10 am Eastern
Interview with Ed Flynn - Talk of the Town
WATR Radio - Waterbury CT
TOP 50 SHOW

Sunday, February 24th, 1:30 am Eastern
Interview with Mark Isler
KABC Radio - Los Angeles CA
TOP 5 MARKET

Stephen Baskerville writes::

These interviews have been made possible by your purchase of autographed copies of Taken Into Custody from ACFC. Proceeds from these sales have helped procure these interviews. To buy an autographed copy of Taken Into Custody, please go to the ACFC website: www.acfc.org, where you should click at the icon for the book.

My thanks to ACFC, and all who have contributed to this campaign.

Thanks too to the many people who have been helping to arrange radio interviews. Once again, if you have media contacts, please notify them. Radio is the single best way to publicize a book.

Please note: Publishers base their acquisitions on sales. If this book sells, publishers will publisher more books on the abuses of the divorce industry. Your books will get published. This will become a mainstream publishing industry, and we will reform this corruption. If this book does not sell, it will be very difficult to get another published for a long time.

************************************************
Stephen Baskerville, PhD
Assistant Professor of Government
Patrick Henry College
Purcellville, Virginia 20132, USA

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